Timeline: Aaron Records in Early Stewart County, Tennessee

This post was originally created January 18, 2017 under my post for Henderson Aaron. It makes more sense for this post to be on a different page. 

Henderson Aaron was my third great-grandfather who lived in Stewart County, Tennessee. His parents are unknown. The most likely candidates are Rachel and John Aaron. I do not know where John was from or his parentage.

Last updated August 10, 2019


AARON Records in Stewart County, Tennessee

1804 – 1840: Stewart County, TN Name Index to Tax List.
Jacob Aaron ∙ 73
John Aaron ∙ 27, 48, 58, 72
Preston Aaron ∙ 29

1808: Stewart County, TN tax list. John Aaron is in the section under Capt. Allen.

1808: Stewart County, TN tax list. Preston Aaron is the “returned to clerk” section. He has 125 acres on Hurricane Creek.

1808-1812: Loose Court Minutes. Ordered by the Court that John Aaron be appointed overseer of the road from William Cooley’s up Dyers Creek to the Barrens, and all hands above Maj. Gray’s on both sides of the Creek work under him. Page 74.

1810: Stewart County, TN tax list. John Aaron is in the section under Capt. Ross.

1811: Stewart County, TN tax list. John Aaron is in the section under Capt. Ross.

1811: Stewart County, TN tax list through Ancestry. Jacob Aaron is listed.

7 Aug 1811: Stewart County Court Minutes (p. 226) Jurors to next November term: William Dunbar, James Dunbar, Philip Hall, Caleb Williams, Davis Yarborough, Jesse Gilbert, John Palmer, William Curl, Benjamin Bradford, William Wright, John G. Fletcher, John Aaron, John Finch, John Matheny and John Stancil.

1813 – 1819: Stewart County, TN Court Minutes.
Jacob Aaron 19, 60
Joel Aaron 60
John Aaron 60, 117, 123
John Jacob Aaron 13, 117

1814 – 1815: War of 1812 records. Capt. James Gray’s Company, 2nd Regiment, West TN Miltia, 13 Nov 1814 – 13 May 1815. Muster roll lists Private John Aaron as “sick absent”.

7 Aug 1815Stewart County Bonds and Settlements, Book 3. John Weatherford, Alsey H. Bradford, John Aaron, administrator’s bond for Thomas Weatherford, page 107

1819: John Aaron – File name: Bradford, Benjamin (Trustee of Stewart Co.) vs Buckingham, Thomas for a tax collection dispute. 19 pages.

1819: John Jacob Aaron – File name: Bradford, Benjamin (Trustee of Stewart Co.) vs Buckingham, Thomas for a tax collection dispute. 19 pages.

1819-1828: Stewart County, TN Court Minutes.
David Aaron · 302, 379, 380
John Aaron · 184

1822: Henderson Aaron was born. (See 1850 census for age estimate.)

1825: John and Rachel Aaron get a divorce. I had the case information pulled in hopes of children’s names, but there wasn’t any additional information in the file. For reference, Serial No. 30, Chapter/Section 103.2. Case note says, “husband and wife, Rachel receives property rights as a feme sole.

October 11, 1826 – Rachel Aaron was a witness and gave testimony in the case “Patsy Leroy Gibson vs. John Rushing and others” about a slave named Charity. Rachel is listed as about thirty-five years old. She wasn’t originally from the county, but settled on Dyer’s Creek. (Source: Stewart County Circuit Court. BIG thanks to Jim Long!)

1828 – 1831Stewart County, Tennessee County Court Minutes lists William Aaron on pages 76, 82, 87, 91, 92, 93, 101. No further info about what is included.

1829: David Aaron – File name: Aaron, David vs Colson, William K. Debt for horse. 15 pages.

1830: Census lists Rachel Aaron (age 30 – 40) live with a male (age 5 – 10), female (5 – 10), female (10 – 15), and female (15 – 20).

1830 Census: Henderson would have been 8 years old and living with parents.

1830: Census lists William Aaron living with a male (under 5), female (age 5 – 10), and wife (age 20 – 30).

November 10, 1831: State of Tennessee vs Rachel Aaron. House of ill fame [brothel]. This day came the Attorney General in behalf of the State, and with the assent of the Court enters a noli prosequi in this case. Therefore it is considered by the Court that the defendant go hence without day.  *She could be operating out of her home and not an actual brothel. (Source: Tennessee State Library and Archives, Stewart County Reel #39, County Court Minute Book, 1831-1844. Big thanks to Jim Long!)

3 Jul 1837: Stewart County Settlements and Bonds, Volume D (June 1836-June 1840) (108) sale of Benjamin W. Tayloe by administrator John Tayloe; buyers include John Barnes, James Collier, William Norrid, William Bell, Hardison Daniel, Nathan A. Winters, R. M. Jenkins, Wiley Sexton, Martha Tayloe, James Poston, John Turpin, Tilman Sexton, James Hagans, Allen Sexton, Anderson Sexton, John Tayloe, James Blount, William Hogan, Curtis Hornberger, William Williams, John Randle, Green Moody, Royal Broadway, Richard Tayloe, James Campbell, William Aaron, Hymon Tayloe, Jason Merrick, Abraham Philips, William Mainard

1839: Stewart County Settlements and Bonds, Volume D (June 1836-June 1840) sale of the estate of Susan Niton by administrator Wiilie B. H. Jones; buyers include Richard Blanton, H. G. Cherry, Osburn Moore, James J. Jones, W. H. Coleman, J. C. Ingram, Eli Rumfelt, W. Aaron, Elisha Dawson, Calvin Whitfield, Thomas Buckingham, John Hinson; returned to Dec. term 1839

1840 Census: Henderson is not listed on the census. Would have been 18 years old.

19 Aug 1841: Archives Roll 53, Settlements and Bonds, Volume E  (116) sale of the estate of William T. Mansfield; buyers include Thomas Buckingham, Daniel Alexander, William Weston, P. B. Nolin, John Randle, William Aron, William Roles, William Folks, Joseph Campbell, Norfleet Daugherty, W. Alford, Thomas Cherry; recorded Aug term 1841

1844: William Aaron bought from the State of Tennessee #17770 a deed for 100 acres on the waters of Indian Creek. (Page 15, book 253)

1845: Henderson Aaron (Grantor/Seller) to Jonathan Skinner (Grantee/Buyer). Kind of instrument: mortgage. Page 15, Book 174. Description: personal property.

1845: William Aaron sold to James W. Williams a trust deed for a yoke of oxen and cart. (Page 15, book 246)

1846: William Aaron owns 40 acres worth $100 in District 7. Henderson Aaron is listed in the same district with no property. (Tax List)

1847: William Aaron owns 40 acres worth $100 in District 7. (Tax List)

1848: William Aaron owns 40 acres worth $100 in District 7. (Tax List)

1848: Criminal Circuit Court Cases. William Aaron. File name: State vs. William Aaron for assault and battery. 2 pages.

1848: William Aaron – File name: Rutland, W. C. vs Aaron, William for a debt judgment of $18.05. 19 pages.

1849: William Aaron and Henderson Aaron on the tax list in District 7.

1849: William Aaron sold to Hiram Vollentine a trust deed for various property, in debt to the estate of Jonathan Skinner. (Page 16, book 354) ****NOTE: In 1845, Henderson Aaron sold a mortgage/property to the same man, Jonathan Skinner.

1849: William Aaron sold to William B. Cherry a trust deed for 215 acres, 2 tracts in District 7. (Page 16, book 407)

1850 Census: Stewart County, Tennessee. Henderson Aaron is living next door to in-laws (Mary’s parents: Ebenezer & Elizabeth Rumfelt). 28 years old. Wife is Mary, children are Elizabeth, Elmira and Ebenezer. This is the ONLY census Henderson appears on by name.

1850: Henderson Aaron (Grantor/Seller) to J.W. Wall. Kind of instrument: trust deed. Page 16, book 490. Description: various household property and livestock, in debt to J. R. Hooks

1850: William Buckanon Aaron bought from S.W. Kelly a sorrel colt. (Page 18, book 410)

8 Oct. 1850: U.S., Selected Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, in “Stuart, Stewart County, Tennessee”, Schedule type is Agriculture. He’s listed underneath his father-in-law, Ebenezer Rumfelt.

1852: William Aaron – File name: Aaron, William vs Adams, Robert T. for a plea of debt. 2 pages.

1853: William B. Aaron bought from John Scarborough’s heirs by Thomas J. Munford, clerk & master of Montgomery Co. a deed of 115 acres on Indian Creek. (Page 18, book 293)

1853: William B. Aaron – File name: Shackelford, J. O. (admr of Scarborough, John) vs Scarborough, John’s heirs for “land purchased by William B. Aaron of Montgomery Co.” 4 pages.

1855: H. Aron (Henderson) and William Aaron are listed in district 7 on the tax list.

16 July 1855: Henderson Aaron is a juror in two cases. (Court records) *This is the last record that mentions Henderson.

1855: William B. Aaron & William Aaron sold to George W. Bufford a deed for 2 1/4 acres on Indian Creek. (Page 19, Book 175)

1855: William Aaron – File name: Aaron, William vs Woods, Payne & Co. for a debt. 2 pages.

1855: John P. Aaron – File name: Aaron, John P. vs Duncan, John T. for a $40 debt. 5 pages.

1856: William Aaron sold to Right T. Daniel a trust deed for 100 acres of land in District 7, plus personal property in debt to William B. Cherry. (Page 19, book 434)

1857: William Aaron – File name: Penix, William R.; Kelly, Cynthia Ann vs Aaron, William dec’d. [deceased] land dispute, Indian Creek, 32 pages

29 Jul 1857: William Aaron in Stewart County newspaper, name index (This is probably a death notice, see above entry.)

1859: William B. Aaron sold to Nathan Brandon a deed for 115 acres on Indian Creek, adjoining the Dover town tract. (Page 21, Book 42)

1860: William B. Aaron & others sold to Edward S. Winn & I.S. Banister a deed for 100 acres in Indian Creek. (Page 21, book 489)

1860: William Aaron’s heirs received receipt of payment from S.E. Cherry admx. by William B. Cherry to R.T. Daniel for a tract of land. (Page 21, book 535)

12 June 1914: Henderson’s daughter Bettie dies. Her death certificate lists parents as “Wm. Aron and Sis Aron”. The abbreviation Wm. means William. Was this a mistake or was this Henderson’s first name? Information was reported by Bettie’s son-in-law, Jake (Jacob) Coffel, who was married to her daughter Mary. Bettie lived with them for several years until her death.

20 Jan 1931: Henderson’s son Eli “Hawk” dies. Death certificate lists his parents as “Henderson Aaron and Sis Rumfelt”.



  • Ancestry.com
  • A BIG THANK YOU to the Stewart County Genealogy page at tngenweb.org/stewart for a lot of these records. They have one of the best county sites I’ve seen. If you are doing research for Stewart County, Tennessee, you have to visit their page!
  • Another great resource: Stewart County Archives Available Holdings

One thought on “Timeline: Aaron Records in Early Stewart County, Tennessee

  1. Pingback: Rachel – Down Home Genealogy

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