John Aaron of Stewart County, Tennessee

I have spent years working on the branches of my Aaron family tree. My search points to John Aaron of Stewart County, Tennessee being my fourth-great-grandfather, although I do not have documented proof. In the timeline below, I have used records to document what I have uncovered so far about John.

Records Timeline

Before 1787 – John Aaron was born sometime before 1787 to John Jacob Aaron and his unknown wife. Location unknown. This date is based on if he was 21 on the 1808 tax list.

*It is important to note that John’s father, John Jacob Aaron, was referred to by Jacob, but also John/John Jacob. Some of the earliest county records could refer to Jacob instead of the younger John.

1808 – John Aaron is listed on the tax list under Capt. Allen.

26 Jul 1809 – “Ordered by the Court that John Aaron be appointed overseer of the road from William Cooley’s up Dyers Creek to the Barrens, and all hands above Maj. Gray’s on both sides of the Creek work under him.” (Loose Court Minutes, page 74) 

1810 – John Aaron is listed on the tax list under Capt. Ross.

1811 – John Aaron is listed on the tax list under Capt. Ross. His father, Jacob Aaron, is also listed.

7 Aug 1811 – John Aaron is called to be a juror during the November court term. (Stewart County Court Minutes, page 226)

3 May 1813 – John’s father is considered a pauper – definition = a very poor person. “John Jacob Aaron, a pauper, came into Court and petitioned for his maintenance next year and it is ordered by the Court that Joseph Gray and Yancey Thornton be appointed to let the maintenance of said pauper to the lowest bidder, and also John Williams, son of Edith Williams.” (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

6 May 1813 – “Joseph Gray, one of the commissioners appointed to let the maintenance of Jacob Aaron and John Williams, returned that they had let them for the term of one year, Jacob Aaron at thirty nine dollars to the said Joseph Gray and John Williams at forty five dollars to Edith Williams.” Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long – If you compare this record to the one from May 3, you will see while his full name was John Jacob Aaron, he went by Jacob Aaron. 

13 Nov 1814 – 13 May 1815 During the War of 1812, the muster roll lists Private John Aaron as “sick absent”, Capt. James Gray’s Company, 2nd Regiment, West TN Miltia. (War of 1812 records)

May 1814 – Joseph Gray was paid 39 dollars for keeping Jacob Aaron for the past year. (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

May 1814 – Joel Aaron, a pauper, was to be cared for by John Aaron for this year for $35.75.  (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long) *This is the only mention of “Joel” I can find. I wonder if this was really referring to John Jacob Aaron?

3 May 1815 – “Ordered that the Sheriff be allowed in his settlement of taxes a credit for the following list of insolvents, sworn to by his Deputy William Curl for the year 1813 and 1814, viz.” “…John Aret, 1 Do. 25 cts” (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

Aug 1815 – Money distributed to “John Aaron for keeping his father.” File name: Bradford, Benjamin (Trustee of Stewart Co.) vs Buckingham, Thomas for a tax collection dispute. 19 pages. (Stewart County Archives Circuit Court Cases – Civil: 1805-1929)

7 Aug 1815 – John Aaron to be given money from the County Trustee for the keeping of John Jacob Aaron, a pauper, for the last six months. (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

7 Aug 1815 – John Weatherford, Alsey H. Bradford, John Aaron, administrator’s bond for Thomas Weatherford. (Stewart County Bonds and Settlements, Book 3, page 107)

5 Nov 1816 – John Arant, Josiah Dunn ordered to be jurors during the next Court term. (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

3 Feb 1817 – John Arant, Josiah Dunn are among a list of men who served as jurors. (Stewart County Court Minutes, 1813-1819, by Jim Long)

Before 1818 – John marries Rachel, maiden name unknown. They were married by the latest 1818 because she’s listed as Rachel “Arant” in the below court case.

1818 – John Arant, Rachel Arant and Susanna Arant are called to testify in Gray, Joseph’s executors vs Cooley, William M. (admr of Joel Cooley) for debt – $150 for livestock and merchandise. John Dunn and James Dunn also summoned. 14 pages. (Stewart County Archives Circuit Court Cases – Civil: 1805-1929)

6 May 1818 – John Arant, James Dunn are on a list of men to serve as jurors the next Court term. (Stewart County, Tennessee County Court Minutes, 1813 – 1819, by Jim Long)

4 Aug 1818 – John Arant, James Dunn serve jury duty. (Stewart County, Tennessee County Court Minutes, 1813 – 1819, by Jim Long)

1819 – John Arant was a juror in Nelson, Humphrey vs Russell, James for appeal of debt judgment from County Court – $17.27. 12 pages. (Stewart County Archives Circuit Court Cases – Civil: 1805-1929)

1819 – John Aaron and John Jacob Aaron are both listed in a circuit court case. – File name: Bradford, Benjamin (Trustee of Stewart Co.) vs Buckingham, Thomas for a tax collection dispute. 19 pages. (Stewart County Archives Circuit Court Cases – Civil: 1805-1929)

1820 – John and his family are on the census.

Name – John Aront
Home in 1820 (City, County, State) – Stewart, Tennessee
Enumeration Date – August 7, 1820
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10 – 2
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15 – 2
Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25 – 2
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 – 1 *John
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10 – 4
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15 – 2
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 – 1 *Rachel
Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture – 4
Number of Persons – Engaged in Manufactures – 1
Free White Persons – Under 16 – 10
Free White Persons – Over 25 – 2
Total Free White Persons – 14
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other – 14

1824 – John Arant and Rachel Arant are mentioned in the case State vs Jenkins, James G., assault on John Lee. In March 1819, John and Rachel are summoned to court on behalf of James Jenkins. 12 pages. (Circuit Court Cases – Criminal (State): 1810-1940)

1825 – John and Rachel Aaron get a divorce. I had the case information pulled in hopes of children’s names, but there wasn’t any additional information in the file. For reference, Serial No. 30, Chapter/Section 103.2. Case note says, “husband and wife, Rachel receives property rights as a feme sole.

John and Rachel’s divorce is the last mention of John Aaron in any record I can find. It is unknown if he died or moved away. He is not on the 1830 census.


Other Articles about the Aaron Family

Chronological Timeline: Aaron Records in Early Stewart County, Tennessee

Henderson Aaron

Rachel Aaron


Originally posted June 21, 2020

3 thoughts on “John Aaron of Stewart County, Tennessee

  1. Pingback: Rachel Aaron – Down Home Genealogy

  2. Pingback: Chronological Timeline: Aaron Records in Early Stewart County, Tennessee – Down Home Genealogy

  3. Pingback: Henderson Aaron – Down Home Genealogy

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